are commonly seen on seventeenth and early eighteenth
They are very simple to do, yet add
a nice shadow line that helps to break up an otherwise plain
surface, which in this case is the four side rails for my poly
chrome bevel molded dresser.
The channel molding is made up of a
groove with molded features flanking either side of the groove.
Ovolos, cavettos, ogees, and simple roundovers are seen. These
are usually done with a scratch stock and can be done after
assembly if so desired.
On my piece, the channel molding is
a very simple roundover. It doesn't require a custom scratch
stock to make, only a few basic hand tools. I have considered
making it just a bit fancier, which can still be done later with
a scratch stock should I decide it is required.
Shown here are my Gabriel plow, a
Gabriel #5 hollow, a chisel which will be used as a scraper, a
mortising gauge, and my work holding setup for this piece.
These Gabriels are genuine 18th century. Very
First I defined the location of the
molding with the mortising gauge. In this instance, the channel
will be 1/2" wide, 1/4" deep, and 1 1/2" in from the inside edge
of the side rail. Take your time and make several light passes
with the gauge. Do not try to make a deep line with one pass;
you will most likely make a pair of ugly, twisty lines that will
not serve their purpose.
With the groove laid out, I then
set up my plow plane to make the appropriate cut. For more
information on plow planes and how to use them, see my article
The Care and Feeding of the Wooden Plow Plane.