GP Drills


Yankee Drills



  Frame and Panel Construction - a prototype, part 2 by Jim Harvey 4 of 12  

In this section I document my method of constructing a frame. To understand and practice the procedure I’ve made several small framed raised panels and described in a previous section. These will find their way into a box or maybe a lamp sometime in the future.

This procedure builds a frame to house a pre-constructed panel though usually the frame will be built first, made to fit an existing opening, then a panel constructed to fit.

Three episodes of “The Woodwright’s Shop” contributed to my techniques.

Another goal is to, as much as possible, use only hand tools in the project. A few years ago I acquired a small panel raising plane at an estate sale and it’s time to put it to work. This photo shows some of the tools used in creating a frame.

My practice raised panels were cut from 1×8 pine, resulting in a 7 1/4″ square panel.

The frame begins with two 10 3/4″ rails and two 11″ stiles cut from a pine 1×4 ripped down the middle. The stiles are longer than needed to make them more likely to survive the mortise chisel.

The raised panels have a centerline mark so the first step is to mark a centerline as an alignment reference on the frame pieces.

Center line used as reference.

The stiles and rails are inspected. the best sides marked as face, and a position in the frame picked and marked.

Two stiles, two rails with face sides marked.

The panel with grain vertical, and both rails are turned bottom up and aligned with the center marks. Four tenon shoulders must be located on the rails. These are aligned with the inside edge of the panel back rabbit but an allowance should be made for the panel expanding across the grain in humid conditions.

Learn how. Discover why. Build better.
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