In this section I document
my method of constructing a frame. To understand and
practice the procedure I’ve made several small framed
raised panels and described in a previous section. These
will find their way into a box or maybe a lamp sometime
in the future.
This procedure builds a
frame to house a pre-constructed panel though usually
the frame will be built first, made to fit an existing
opening, then a panel constructed to fit.
Three episodes of “The
Woodwright’s Shop” contributed to my techniques.
Another goal is to, as much as possible,
use only hand tools in the project. A few years ago I
acquired a small panel raising plane at an estate sale
and it’s time to put it to work. This photo shows some
of the tools used in creating a frame.
My practice raised panels were cut from
1×8 pine, resulting in a 7 1/4″ square panel.
The frame begins with two 10 3/4″ rails
and two 11″ stiles cut from a pine 1×4 ripped down the
middle. The stiles are longer than needed to make them
more likely to survive the mortise chisel.
The raised panels have a centerline mark
so the first step is to mark a centerline as an
alignment reference on the frame pieces.
Center line used as reference.
The stiles and rails are
inspected. the best sides marked as face, and a position
in the frame picked and marked.
Two stiles, two rails with face sides
The panel with grain
vertical, and both rails are turned bottom up and
aligned with the center marks. Four tenon shoulders must
be located on the rails. These are aligned with the
inside edge of the panel back rabbit but an allowance
should be made for the panel expanding across the grain
in humid conditions.